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Click Here for more information Click here for more information about Kidney complication Click Here for more information Click Here for more information Click Here for more information Type I Diabetes:

Type I Diabetes is caused by an autoimmune disorder-a problem with the body's immune system. In a healthy body, specialized cells (called beta cells) in the pancreas make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that allows the body to use energy from food. In Type I Diabetes, the immune system mistakes beta cells for invaders and attacks them. This results in loss of pancreatic function and inability to produce insulin.  When enough beta cells are destroyed, symptoms of diabetes appear.

Type II Diabetes: <Click Here for more information>

Type II Diabetes affects about 26 million in the United States.  In Type II Diabetes, the beta cells still produce insulin. However, either the cells do not respond properly to the insulin or the insulin produced naturally is not enough to meet the needs of the body.  Insulin is usually still present in a person with Type II Diabetes, but it does not work as well as it should.  Measurable indications of diabetes are as follows:

Pre-Diabetes: <Click Here for more information>

Pre-Diabetes affects about 76 millions in the United States. (the same as Type II Diabetes, and is identified with blood glucose levels above)

The following characteristics are common to Type II and Pre-Diabetes:

Diabetes Complications

Heart Disease and Stroke <Click Here for more information>
People with diabetes have extra reason to be mindful of heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes carries an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, and complications related to poor circulation:

Note:      These symptoms may also be caused by some medical condition besides blood vessel damage.

Kidney Disease <Click Here for more information>
Diabetes can damage the kidneys, which not only can cause them to fail, but can also ability to filter out waste products.

Eye Complications <Click Here for more information>
Diabetes can cause eye problems and may lead to blindness. People with diabetes do have a higher risk of blindness than people without diabetes. Early detection and treatment of eye problems can save your sight.

Diabetes, Oral Health and Hygiene <Click Here for more information>
There are more bacteria in your mouth right now than there are people on Earth. If those germs settle into your gums, you've got gum disease. "Not me?" you say.

Diabetic Neuropathy / Foot Complications <Click Here for more information>
The most common complications of diabetes is diabetic neuropathy. Neuropathy means damage to the nerve cells that run throughout the body, connecting the spinal cord to muscles, skin, blood vessels, and other organs.

Skin Complications
Your body loses of fluids through frequent urination.  This loss of fluids (dehydration) will make your skin and body dry.    In fact, such problems are sometimes the first sign that a person has diabetes.  It can damage nerves that produce oil and can make your body sweat less.  Your skin relies on oil and sweat to keep it moist so the loss of oil and sweat can make it dry.

Depression
Feeling down once in a while is normal. But some people feel a sadness that just won't go away. Life seems hopeless. Feeling this way most of the day for two weeks or more is a sign of serious depression.  That is why you choose Hope Diabetes Center as your diabetes care provider.  Because taking care of your diabetes was a 24/7 job filled with responsibility and worries, Hope Diabetes Center created a program that will make your diabetes care easy to control.  We understand that your emotional adjustment to diabetes is the key to good self-care and a long healthy life.

Understanding Your A1c

Because your sugar level can change from hour to hour, we required you to test your blood four time per day (daily A1c).   A1c measures the amount of sugar that attaches to protein in your red blood cell   the greater the amount of sugar in your blood and the longer it remains high, the more sugar will attach to the red blood cells.

A1c Levels

Glucose Range

Normal

4.0 – 6.0 %

60 – 135 mg/dL

Pre-Diabetes

**6.1 – 7.0 %

136.170 mg/dL

Diabetes

***7.1 – 8.0 %

171- 205 mg/dL

 

8.1 – 9.0

206 – 240 mg/dL

 

9.1 – 10.0 %

241 – 275 mg/dL

 

10.1 – 11.0 %

276 – 310 mg/dL

 

11.1 – 12.0 %

311 – 345 mg/dL

 

12.1 – 13.0 %

346 – 380 mg/dL

 

13.1 – 14.0 %

381 – 415 mg/dL

 

Note:

** complications such as eye, heart, kidney disease, Diabetic Neuropathy / Foot Complications, Oral, Health / Hygiene and more.

***
complications such as eye, heart, kidney disease, Diabetic Neuropathy / Foot Complications, Oral, Health / Hygiene and more.

Caution:

  • Exercise at the wrong time (before meals) can decrease blood sugar to dangerously high levels.  Be sure to consult your physician before beginning an exercise program.
  • Skipping a meal will stimulate the liver to release sugar into blood, resulting in twice as much sugar as might otherwise have been consumed.  It is important to eat three meals a day.
  • Diabetes mellitus increases the risk of disorders such as coronary artery disease, cerebrovascular occlusion, peripheral artery disease, renal insufficiency, peripheral neuropathy, lower-extremity infection, ulceration, and amputation, and other disorders. Such complications frequently require admission into the hospital for evaluation and treatment.
  • Low Glucose Results – If your result is lower than 70mg/dl, it may mean Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).  This may require immediate treatment according to your health care professional’s recommendations.  Although this result could be due to a test error, it is safer to treat first, and then do another test.
  • High Glucose Results - If your test result is higher than 140mg/dl, it may mean Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).  If you are uncertain about your test result, consider re-testing.   Your doctor can work with you do decide what actions, if any, you should take if your results are higher than 140 mg/dl.